Bella Center, Copenhagen, Denmark, 17-12-2009
Speech at The UNFCCC Copenhagen
H.E. DR. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
BELLA CENTER - COPENHAGEN, 17 DECEMBER 2009
110 world leaders did NOT come here to fail. Billions of world citizens pin their hopes on us.
We have come here to do one job : to deliver a solid political binding agreement that would lead to a legally binding climate treaty in 2010. Let me highlight FIVE key points.
<b>First</b>: our collective strategic goal is to limit the rise of global warming to WITHIN 2 degrees Celcius. On this point, there is no compromise. In reaching that goal, we must proceed based on common but differentiated responsibility, and respective capabilities.
<b>Second</b>: I call on developed countries to fulfill their historic responsibility to slow, stop and reverse global warming. They must take the lead that is expected of them, and come up with ambitious targets. Indonesia believes this commitment should be AROUND 40 %, as required by the IPCC. And ALL the major industrialized countries, one way or another, have to be on board. This is a burden and responsibility that CANNOT be shifted or deferred.
<b>Third</b>: All the talk about mitigation and adaptation and international cooperation is meaningless without concrete delivery on financing. The initiative for a “fast launch fund” at this conference is a good start.
But I believe the proposed figure for the fund is too modest considering at stake is the survival of humanity and our planet. In my view, this figure should <i>ideally</i> be USD$ 25-35 billion per year until 2012. The developed countries DO have the resources. Its only a question of political will. Remember, the several billions needed is only a small drop in the bucket compared to the SIX trillion dollars lost in the global financial crisis.
<b>Fourth</b>: Science now also tells us that mitigation by developed countries alone will NOT be enough. Developing countries must also DO more, and they must commit to a low carbon development path so that they do not repeat the historical mistakes of industrial countries, and add to the climate problem. We have to be honest that there can be NO climate solution if developing countries do not take part.
In the spirit of thinking outside the box, in September this year Indonesia declared emission reduction target of 26 % from business as usual by 2020, and this can be increased to 41 % with enhanced international assistance. As a non-Annex 1 country, we did NOT have to do this. But we read the stark scientific warnings of the IPCC. So we set our new reduction target, because we wanted to be part of global solution.
And <b>fifth</b>: it is also in the spirit of thinking outside the box I call on all of us, developed and developing countries, to be flexible on the question of MRV. Remember that many industrial countries that were legally bound by Kyoto to cut their emissions did NOT deliver, and in fact their emissions only increased since. We must heed that lesson as we set our sights beyond Kyoto. MRV is not an outrageous idea. If we all set our respective targets, we need to know if we are making progress in reaching those targets.
For our part, Indonesia is willing to have our plans and progress open to MRV by a multilaterally agreed international mechanism. Its time for the game to change a little. We know how important transparency is in this endeavor, because we TOO expect it from others. Some, perhaps many, will have problems meeting these targets. Developing countries have to worry about their development and lifting millions out of poverty, and their budget is quite often strangled by the financial crisis. But that is no reason to avoid transparency. MRV is also needed to ensure that the support funds from developed countries to developing countries are well delivered to meet climate objectives. In saying this, it is critically important for developing nations that MRV does not lead to discriminatory trade measures.
In this connection, Indonesia proposes that there is an international effort to establish a credible count to determine the carbon emissions of each country. Indonesia was once said to be the third largest emitter in the world. There is NOTHING to suggest that such claim is true today. Unless we get the numbers right, we will argue in circles, and it will be difficult for us to have effective plan to deal with global carbon emission.
So these are my five points.
One critical issue pertains to forests. Massive deforestation have taken place in developed countries, so the hope for preserving carbons sinks now hangs on the forests in the developing world.
As we move forward, I appeal to all of you to NOT take forestry nations for granted. Our forests are the key to the global climate solution. We must now inject a NEW economic logic where it is more beneficial for nations and communities to keep the trees UP, than to chop them down.
Forestry nations must have something to gain in committing to “avoided deforestation”. This is why interim financing is critical. REDD PLUS must be part of the global solution. Indonesia has worked hard to promote creative forestry partnerships with Norway, the Republic of Korea, Australia, Germany, Great Britain, Japan and others. We invite others to work with us in this important project to preserve and expand these crucial carbon sinks.
Whatever we do here, the bottom line is whether at the end of the day we will all meet our political and moral responsibility and do what is practically necessary to ensure climate stability for future generations and for planet earth.
This is not a time for dogma and confrontation. This a time for solution and consensus. The only dogma that binds us here is : human survival.
So lets seal the deal here in Copenhagen. I thank you.